Poverty Maps (Bangladesh - Admin 2 and 3 - 2010)

The Bangladesh Interactive Poverty Maps allow you to explore and visualize socioeconomic data at the zila (district) and upazila (sub-district) level. The tool provides users an easy way to access different types of indicators including poverty, demographics of the population, children’s health and nutrition, education, employment, and access to energy, water, and sanitation services. These maps were constructed by combining three different data sources all of which are publicly available. These include the 2010 Bangladesh Poverty Maps, the IPUMS sample from the 2011 Bangladesh Census of Population and Housing, and the 2012 Undernutrition Maps of Bangladesh.

Definition of variables and data sources

These maps were constructed by combining three different data sources all of which are publicly available. These include the 2010 Bangladesh Poverty Maps, the 2011 Census of Population and Housing sample available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series project (IPUMS), and the 2012 Undernutrition Maps of Bangladesh.

The 2010 Bangladesh Poverty Maps technical report describing the metholody used to construct the zila and upazila national poverty statistics can be accessed at the following link: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/09/30/poverty-maps

The Population and Housing Census sample (IPUMS) dataset can be accessed at the following link: https://international.ipums.org/international-action/sample_details/country/bd

The undernutrition maps produced by the World Food Program (WFP) are available at the following link: https://www.wfp.org/content/undernutrition-maps-bangladesh-2012

Detailed information describing the construction of the variables and sources is presented below.

Basic information:

1) Total population: Total population in the zila/upazila. 2) Share of rural population: Share of the zila/upazila population who lives in rural areas. 3) Working population: Total number of working age population (15-64 years) in zila/upazila. 4) Total households: Total number of households in the zila/upazila.

Source: Indicators 1, 2, 3, and 4 were computed using the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Poverty (among the population):

5) Poverty headcount ratio (%): Percentage of the population that lives below the official national upper poverty line. 6) Extreme poverty headcount ratio (%): Percentage of the population that lives below the official national lower poverty line. 7) Percentage of population in bottom 40%: Percentage of the population in the zila/upazila that belongs to the bottom 40% of the national real per capita consumption distribution.

Source: Indicators 5, 6, and 7 come from 2010 Bangladesh Poverty Maps. The total number of poor, extreme poor, and population that belongs to the bottom 40% were computed using indicators 5, 6, 7 and indicator 1 (Total population in the zila/upazila).

Demographic (among population):

8) Population between 0 and 6 years old: Total population in the age range of 0-6 years old. 9) Population between 7 and 14 years old: Total population in the age range of 7-14 years old. 10) Population between 15 and 64 years old: Total population in the age range of 15-64 years old. 11) Population ages 65 and above: Total population in the age range of 65 and above.

Source: Indicators 8, 9, 10, and 11 were constructed using question 14 from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Question 14. Age (Completed years)

Nutrition (among children below 5):

12) Percentage of underweight children: Percentage of children under five years of age whose standarized weight-for-age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference. population (WHO standard) 13) Percentage of severely underweight children: Percentage of children under five years of age whose standarized weight-for-age is more than three standard deviations below the median for the international reference population (WHO standard). 14) Percentage of stunted children: Percentage of children under five years of age whose standarized height-for-age is more than two standard deviations below the median for the international reference population (WHO standard). 15) Percentage of severely stunted children: Percentage of children under five years of age whose standarized weight-for-age is more than three standard deviations below the median for the international reference population (WHO standard).

Source: Indicators 12, 13, 14, and 15 were produced by the World Food Program (WFP) and are constructed based on data from the Child and Mother Nutrition Survey of Bangladesh 2012 (MICS) and the Health and Morbidity Status Survey 2011 (HMSS). The total number of children under the age of 5 years was estimated using data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Primary Employment (among working population):

16) Agriculture: If employed, sector of employment is agriculture. 17) Industry: If employed, sector of employment is industry. 18) Services: If employed, sector of employment is services.

Source: Indicators 16, 17, and 18 were constructed using Question 25 from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Question 25 was asked for persons 7 years of age and older who reported being employed.

Question 25. If employed, field of employment (1) Agriculture (2) Industry (3) Service

Energy & Sanitation (among households):

19) With Electricity: Percentage of households with access to electricity. 20) With flush toilet: Percentage of households with access to flush toilet. 21) With non-flush, latrine: Percentage of households with access to latrine. 22) Without toilet, open defecation: Percentage of households who practice open defecation. 23) With access to tap water: Percentage of households with access to tap water. 24) With access to tube-well water: Percentage of households with access to tube-well water.

Source: Indicators 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24 were constructed using questions 8, 9 and 10 from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Question 8. Source of drinking water (1) Tap (2) Tube-well (3) Other

Question 9. Toilet facilities (1) Sanitary (with water seal) (2) Sanitary (no water seal) (3) Non-sanitary (4) None

Question 10. Electricity connection (1) Yes (2) No

Literacy & Educational Attainment (among adults 18 years and above)

25) Literate population: Percentage of adults who can write a letter. 26) Less than primary completed: Percentage of adults who have not completed primary education. 27) Primary completed: Percentage of adults who have completed primary education. 28) Secondary completed: Percentage of adults who have completed secondary education. 29) University completed: Percentage of adults who have completed univeristy.

Source: Indicators 25, 26, 27, 28, and 29 were constructed using Questions 21 and 23 from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Question 21. Highest class passed (write class passed code)

Question 23. Can write a letter? (1) Yes (2) No

School attendance (among school-age children)

30) Overall (6-18 year olds): Percentage of children 6-18 years old who attend school. 31) Primary level (6-10 years): Percentage of children 6-10 years old who attend school. 32) Junior level (11-13 years): Percentage of children 11-13 years old who attend school. 33) Secondary level (14-15 years): Percentage of children 14-15 years old who attend school. 34) High secondary level (16-18 years): Percentage of children 16-18 years old who attend school.

Source: Indicators 30, 31, 32, 33, and 34 were constructed using Question 20 from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

Question 20. Student (Currently) (1) Yes (2) No

Additional Notes: * All national averages reported correspond to weighted upazila/zila level means, except for the nutrition variables and the population in national bottom 40% which correspond to unweighted upazila/zila level means.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Source https://www.worldbank.org/en/data/interactive/2016/11/10/bangladesh-poverty-maps
Last Updated December 3, 2020, 23:19 (CST)
Created December 3, 2020, 23:19 (CST)
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harvest_url https://data.apps.fao.org/catalog/dataset/a9f5fc58-0123-4510-9948-7c72f43d1561