Grassland burned biomass (Global - Yearly - tonne) – GHG Emissions from Biomass Fires

The "Grassland burned biomass (Global - Yearly - tonne) – GHG Emissions from Biomass Fires" is one of the 31 Science Dataset (SDS) layers, this layer shows the burned biomass of Grassland, at a resolution of 500 meters, and the unit of the data is 'tonne'. Data are updated annually from 2001 onwards. Last available year is 2021. Users are advised not to change the projection of the data.

For more detail, please visit the following report: IPCC 2006, 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. and Tanabe K. (eds). Published: IGES, Japan. pp 2.40-2.49.

Data creation: 2022-05-27

Contact points:

Metadata Contact: FAOSTAT

Resource Contact: Francesco Nicola Tubiello

Resource Contact: Giulia Conchedda

Resource Contact: Leon Casse

Data lineage:

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions estimates from biomass fires are computed within the geospatial cloud platform Google Earth Engine (GEE) applying the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Tier 1 methods for fire emissions (IPCC, 2006, Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories). The global estimates are computed at pixel level by multiplying the area burnt by the consumption value of the fuel biomass available in the pixel. The biomass burnt in each pixel is then multiplied by the emission factor of each gas (CH4 and N2O). The area burnt is obtained from the MODIS burned area monthly dataset (MCD64A1 Collection 6, Giglio et al., 2018) which contains observations of burnt areas at about 500m resolution. The vegetation type is derived from the MODIS land cover v6 (MCD12Q1 v6, Sulla-Menashe and Friedl, 2018; Sulla-Menashe et al., 2019) dataset which contains annual land cover data using the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme classification (IGBP; Loveland and Belward, 1997) at 500m. The applied fuel consumption value is a function of the climate zone and vegetation type prevailing in each pixel. Two climatic layers, the FAO Global Ecological Zones for forest types (GEZ; FAO, 2012) and the IPCC climate zones, for all other types of vegetation, developed by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (2010) were used to subdivide the MODIS land cover classes into classes that match those described in the IPCC Guidelines.

For more information:

FAO 2022. FAOSTAT Climate Change – Emissions – Land Use and Land Use change – Fires

Rossi S., Tubiello F.N., Prosperi P., Salvatore M., Jacobs H., Biancalani R., House J.I., and Boschetti L. 2016. FAOSTAT estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from biomass and peat fires. Climate Change 135, 699-711. doi: 10.1007/s10584-015-1584-y

Prosperi, P., Bloise, M., Tubiello, F.N., Conchedda, G., Rossi, S., Boschetti, L., Salvatore, M., Bernoux, M. 2020. New estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from biomass burning and peat fires using MODIS Collection 6 burned areas. Climatic Change 1–18.

Resource constraints:


Online resources:

Download: FAOSTAT Emissions – Land Use and Land Use Change: Fires

Data and Resources

Additional Info

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Last Updated August 8, 2022, 09:24 (CDT)
Created August 8, 2022, 09:24 (CDT)
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